In our project 2 to design buildings for an historic city, we chose Renaissance Florence.
Renaissance Florence Basilica Church by Lizzy Saunders
One of the things that the people of Florence held the highest, was religion. Likewise, some of the most important structures in the city, were religious ones. In particular, basilicas. The structure shown, is of just that. In the floor plan shown, there is obvious elements of renaissance basilica architecture shown. There is an entryway at the walk in of the church, and a nave (aisle way) with 4 bays and aisles on each side. The aisles are lined with small chapels as well. The nave leads all the way up to the chancel, which back then would have been in between the choirs. In each of the 3 smaller domes, the apse, (a semi-circle or polygonal ending to a channel) can be found. And of course, the gigantuous dome is a dead giveaway. A separate building lies to the east of the entryway called the campanile. This is the bell tower for the church.
There were many patrons of these churches in renaissance Florence, however they almost always were saints. One of the most famous basilicas, was the patron Saint John. The formal elements of the church structure, was most often carvings in the actual material of the building. This includes marble, limestone, and brick most often. The function of the religious structure was a place for worship. People came to celebrate and practice their faith, christianity.
“Gothic Cathedral and Church Construction.” Gothic Cathedral and Church Construction. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.
“Churches in Florence, to Visit For Historical & Artistical Interest.” Churches in Florence: List of Churches to Visit during Your Visit in Florence. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.
“Duomo Di Firenze – Cattedrale Di S.Maria Del Fiore – Home Page.” Duomo Di Firenze – Cattedrale Di S.Maria Del Fiore – Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Mar. 2015.
Renaissance Florence Government Building by Oliver Shawen
Floor plan description:
The floor plan has several influences from roman antiquity such as the pantheon for the central rotunda, the columns and the use of circles as a main grid element for the layout of the structure and a balance achieved by using the golden mean to achieve harmonious balance. The layout is spacious and reflects the classical openness shared by many roman building layouts.
The exterior of the building is meant to both reflect and expand upon the classical ideas and views of beauty and space. The use of Corinthian columns, domed roof, half dome, and vaulted ceilings all reflect back to classical style building design. The building achieves balance through symmetry, while simultaneously achieving a grandiose like stature due to the elevated nature of the building.
Renaissance Florence Domestoc Design by Cassidy Buck
In Renaissance Florence homes were made to show off. They often included courtyards containing sculptures, entertainment rooms, and giant arches. At minimum they would have 8 to 10 rooms but most of the time they would have over 20. Symmetry was a key design element they used when it came to the outside as well as the inside. Ceilings were flat and were often painted. The walls were smoothly plastered and finished with lime wash
As i said before symmetry was important to Florentines. They commonly had tall arches and columns in the front of their homes. The windows on the first floor were mainly arched while the second floor had square windows. The roofs were usually made out of clay barrel tiles. Mouldings on the interior and exterior were highly detailed and were carved with precision and stood out rather than being recessed.
Outdoor Public Space by Dalong Yang
Besides religious culture and architecture, Renaissance Florence has been known for its beautiful gardens designs, too. The garden I designed has a round artificial fountain in the middle of the garden which is ver religious with carved sculpture on it. It’s because in Renaissance Florence the idea of pantheon was very popular. Even for today this kind of design is still following the concept of the religious culture,
The whole garden is assembled of 4 small gardens which have one fountain in the middle of each. And by each of the 4 entries of the garden, there is a standing sculpture. No matter which entry one starts to get in the garden, you will see straightly of the middle of the garden.